Heard about Emotional Intelligence yet?

We all have an idea about the general meaning of intelligence, and often use the term to describe someone who is smart, does well academically, performs well in a job and learns new skills quickly. However, there is another important aspect to intelligence- Emotional Intelligence.

 

Emotional Intelligence

 

Emotional Intelligence (El) is the ability to accept, identify, feel, manage & control emotions appropriately and effectively. It is a vital aspect of overall intelligence, since this helps us in our people skills and how we handle social situations, and how well are we able to manage our own emotions, which is of utmost importance for our mental health.

 

The American Psychological Association (APA) defines Emotional Intelligence as a type of intelligence that involves the ability to process emotional information and use it in reasoning and other cognitive activities.

 

The concept was introduced by U.S. psychologists Peter Salovey & John D. Mayer. According their 1997 model, emotional intelligence comprises four abilities

 

  1. To perceive and appraise emotions accurately
  2. To access and evoke emotions when they facilitate cognition
  3. To comprehend emotional language and make use of emotional information
  4. To regulate one’s own and others’ emotions to promote growth and well-being

 

Application of Emotional Intelligence

 

Emotional Intelligence is useful across all dimensions of our lives, such as:-

 

  1. Academic Life- Handling the academic stress along with all the physiological and psychological changes adolescents go through in school/university life requires being aware of your emotions and the ability to manage them.

 

  1. Professional Life- Working for long hours along with your coworkers is surely tiring and stressful, full of conflict inclined situations. Knowing how to handle people in your work area and build cordial relations with them requires being emotionally intelligent.

 

  1. Social Life- Building healthy, successful and enjoyable relationships with your family, friends, partner(s) requires you to communicate your feelings and be able to understand the other person’s thoughts and emotions. Being able to handle your own emotions and also comprehend the other person’s emotions requires one to be emotionally intelligent.

 

  1. Self-Awareness- Knowing yourself, your thoughts, your feelings, your desires, your likes and dislikes, your choices and so much more requires you to be aware of the range of emotions you experience over time, and how different situations/people make you feel. All this comes under emotional intelligence.

 

Measuring Emotional Intelligence

 

Usually, to measure emotional intelligence, self report tests are used, wherein the respondent answers a series of questions concerning them and emotions, and scores are calculated on the basis of their responses. Some such measures are:-

 

  1. Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)- Constructed by the two psychologists who introduced the concept of Emotional Intelligence. This test measures the four different components of Mayer & Salovey’s model of emotional intelligence 

 

  1. Emotional and Social Competence Inventory (ESCI)- This test involves people who know the individual who is to be assessed, and these known people rate the individual on their ability to deal with emotions.

 

  1. Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC)- The test was developed by Brasseur & Mikolajczak and it provides individual scores of your intrapersonal (concerning your own emotions) emotional intelligence and interpersonal (concerning other people’s emotions) emotional intelligence.

 

  1. The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue)- This test was constructed by Dr. K. V. Petrides and the complete version consists of 153 items, measuring your emotional intelligence across 15 different areas.

 

Your emotional intelligence will not only help you understand people better around you and do better in your personal and even professional life, your emotional intelligence will also help your loved ones a lot.

References

 

Cherry, K. (2020, June 3). How emotionally intelligent are you? Verywell Mind. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-emotional-intelligence-2795423 

Craig, H. (2022, February 26). 17 emotional intelligence tests and assessments (+free quizzes). PositivePsychology.com. Retrieved from https://positivepsychology.com/emotional-intelligence-tests/

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